Childhood verbal abuse associated with worse course of bipolar
May 1, 2015, BETHESDA, MD—Verbal abuse during childhood can lead to a worse course of bipolar in adults with the disorder, a new study has found.
American researchers said that the adverse effect of childhood physical or sexual abuse on the course of bipolar is well-established, but less is known about the impact of emotional abuse.
They found verbal abuse alone occurred in nearly a quarter of the adult patients and was associated with earlier age of onset of bipolar, as well as co-existing anxiety and substance abuse, rapid-cycling bipolar, and a deteriorating course as reflected in increasing frequency or severity of mania and depression.
The authors concluded that it is important to address the impact of childhood verbal abuse in treatment.
The study, which appeared in the journal Bipolar Disorders, was entitled “Verbal abuse, like physical and sexual abuse, in childhood is associated with an earlier onset and more difficult course of bipolar disorder.”